IX Team

Scientists Looking At Reducing Opium Alkaloids In Poppy Seed Food Production Chain

Papaver somniferum or opium poppy is highly prized by the pharmaceutical industry as a source of alkaloid compounds. The plant also produces poppy seeds, a common ingredient in baked goods. Morphine and other alkaloid compounds can be obtained during the flowering stage of the plant’s life cycle when the petals have fallen and the dried …

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Carbon Dating Reveals Origin and Timeline Of Opium Poppy Cultivation

Papaver somniferum or more commonly known as opium poppy is a flowering plant that is widely cultivated for medicinal, psychoactive, and alimentary purposes. A hardy species, it can grow in most parts of the world regardless of soil properties, temperature, or topography. Its origins have been traced to the Mediterranean where it made its way …

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Scientists Looking To Utilize Pain And Anti-inflammatory Properties of Salvia Divinorum Without Hallucinogenic Effects

Salvia divinorum is a herbal plant native to the southwestern region of Mexico. A relatively unknown species, it’s been gaining interest by the scientific community for its analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties.  Aside from medicinal and religious practices by Mazatecan culture, Salvia divinorum has been largely used as a recreational drug outside of its native Mexico.  …

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Rising Health Concerns After Legalization Of Cannabis Edibles

Healthcare providers are being encouraged to be more frank with their patients about cannabis edible usage. Ever since its legalization in 2019, consumption of edible cannabis products in Canada has become increasingly popular, and as with any new regulation there needs to be proper discussion and education on responsible consumption amongst the general public.  Although …

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Why Isn’t There More Research On Medical Cannabis?

Medical marijuana has been legalized in 36 states, including the District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. It has also been legalized in 19 states for recreational use. But despite that opposition still lingers with dividing opinions on its health benefits. Many, including mainstream media, believe that long-term cannabis use can …

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Salvia Divinorum

Spotlight On 50 Years Of Research On Salvia Divinorum

Salvia Divinorum is a psychoactive plant native to a small region in Mexico. It was first discovered by two ethnopharmacologists during their expedition to Oaxaca. Ever since its classification as a species it has become globally recognized for its main active constituent, the diterpene salvinorin A.  Salvinorin A is a kappa-opioid agonist and the first …

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Artifacts Reveal Culture Of Psychoactive Plant Consumption In Ancient Central American Civilizations

The practice of consuming fungi and other psychoactive plants among ancient Central American civilizations are not well known. However a recent study of archeological artifacts and records revealed that not only were mind-altering plants such as tobacco, fungi and morning glory commonly used in Pre-Columbian Costa Rica territory,  but it was also deeply ingrained in …

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Ancient Amazonian Practices Reveal Medicinal and Therapeutic Uses Of Tobacco Plant

Tobacco is one the leading global health concerns of the 21st century. Its usage has been linked to increased risk of cancer, heart issues and other non-communicable diseases. In certain parts of South America however, the plant (especially Nicotiana rustica L.) is revered for its medicinal properties by Amazonian traditional healers known as maestro tabaquero …

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Betel Nut Chewers In Guam Risk Health Due To Sociocultural Pressures

Betel or areca nut chewing has been  linked to  oral and oropharyngeal cancer, oral lesions, oral lukoplakia and submucous fibrosis, gum disease, along with cancer of the pharynx and oesophagus. But despite awareness of the health risks, the practice persists especially in regions of the Western Pacific.  A survey conducted among current and former betel …

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betel nut in market

Chewing On The Health Implications Of Betel Nuts

Betel nut is a masticatory drug used by more than 600 million people worldwide. Despite having addictive qualities similar to tobacco, caffeine, and alcohol, not much research has been done by Western literature.  More commonly used in Far East Asia, India, and the South Pacific, betel nut chewing was originally a remedy to relieve tapeworms …

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